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literature of singapore

The culture of Singapore is a combination of Asian, European and Middle Eastern cultures. Influenced by Malay, South Asian, East Asian, and Eurasian cultures, Singapore has been dubbed as a country where "East meets West", "Easy Asia" and "Garden city". Aug 01,  · New exhibition commemorates century of Islamic literature in Singapore. The exhibition, Treasures Of Muslim Scholars: Years Of Singapore Literary Heritage, was Author: Kristelynn Lim. Literature in English Poetry. Singaporean literature in English started with the Straits-born Chinese community in the colonial era; it is unclear which was the first work of literature in English published in Singapore, but there is evidence of Singapore literature published as early as the unfrivbanneu.ga first notable Singaporean work of poetry in English is possibly Teo Poh Leng's F.M.S.R.


Singaporean literature - Wikipedia


Singaporecity-state located at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsulaabout 85 miles kilometres north of literature of singapore Equator. It consists of the diamond-shaped Singapore Island and some 60 small islets; the main island occupies all but about 18 square miles of this combined area. The main island is separated literature of singapore Peninsular Malaysia to the north by Johor Straita narrow channel crossed by a road and rail causeway that is more than half a mile long.

The southern limits of the state run through Singapore Straitwhere outliers of the Riau-Lingga Archipelago—which forms a part of Indonesia —extend to within 10 miles of the main island, literature of singapore. Singapore is the largest port in Southeast Asia and one of the busiest in the world.

It owes its growth and prosperity to its focal position at the southern extremity of the Malay Peninsula, where it dominates the Strait of Malaccawhich connects the Indian Ocean to the South China Sea. Once a British colony and now a member of the CommonwealthSingapore first joined the Federation of Malaysia on its formation in but seceded to become an independent state on August 9, Nearly two-thirds of the main island is less than 50 feet 15 metres above sea level.

Timah Hill, the highest summit, has an elevation of only feet metres ; with other peaks, such as Panjang and Mandai hills, it forms a block of rugged terrain in the centre of the island. To the west and south are lower scarps with marked northwest-southeast trends, such as Mount Faber, literature of singapore.

The eastern part of the island is a low plateau cut by erosion into an intricate literature of singapore of hills and valleys. These physical units reflect their geologic foundations: the central hills are formed from granite rocks, the scarp lands from highly folded and faulted sedimentary rocks, and the eastern plateau from uncompacted sands and gravels.

A dense network of short streams drains the island, but floods are locally severe because the streams have low gradients and because of excessive water runoff from cleared land. Many streams, especially those draining northward, have broad mangrove-fringed estuaries that extend far inland. None of the soils is even reasonably fertile, but literature of singapore derived from the granites tend to be better than most.

Soils developed from the sedimentary rocks are variable, but many contain hardpans compacted layers that restrict plant roots and impede soil drainage. The soils of eastern Singapore are extremely infertile. All have suffered extensive degradation through erosion as a result of generations of careless literature of singapore exploitation. Singapore is in the equatorial monsoon region of Southeast Asia, and its climate is characterized by uniformly high temperatures and nearly constant precipitation throughout the year.

The seasons are defined by the relative incidence of rainfall, which, in turn, is determined by the movements of the monsoon air masses. The wettest and windiest period is during the northeast monsoon November—Marchwith rainfall reaching an average monthly high of more than 10 inches millimetres in December.

Conversely, the period of the least amount of rainfall and the lightest winds is during the southwest monsoon May—Septemberliterature of singapore, with rainfall dropping to a monthly low of less than 7 inches in July.

April and October are intermonsoonal periods characterized by sluggish air movements and intense afternoon showers and thunderstorms. Little remains of the original vegetation or animal life, except for a few thousand acres of evergreen rain forest preserved around catchment areas.

Some mangrove vegetation survives in the Kranji area on the northwest side of the island, but elsewhere tracts of scrub or cogon grass called lalang locally are common. Many exotic plants have been introduced for ornamental use. The largest native animals are the long-tailed macaque an Asian species of monkeythe slow loris a large-eyed tailless nocturnal lemurand the scaly anteater.

Birds are numerous, especially those like the Indian mynah bird, the brahminy kite a kite with reddish brown plumage and a white head and breastand the house swallow that have adapted to a symbiotic relationship with humans.

Reptiles, such as cobras and lizards, also are common. Fringing coral reefs with their associated fish and wildlife occur around many parts of the coast. The city of Singapore is situated in the southern portion of the main island.

Over time, urbanization has blurred literature of singapore differences between literature of singapore and country. Built-up areas now cover a large part of the city-state. The older parts of the city have been substantially refurbished, especially along the Singapore River but elsewhere as well.

The once-common Chinese shop-house, consisting of living quarters above a commercial establishment, gradually has been disappearing from the city. The new towns—such as Woodlands, Tampines, and Yishun—are scattered across the island and are characterized by easy access to places of employment and shopping districts. The traditional Malay kampong settlements—consisting of stilt houses built along the shoreline—are declining in number and are now found only in select rural areas.

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Singapore | Facts, Geography, History, & Points of Interest | unfrivbanneu.ga

 

literature of singapore

 

Literature in Singapore is written in the country’s four official languages: Chinese, English, Malay, and Tamil. The various literatures flourished in the late 19th and early 20th centuries with the rise of print culture in the British colony, but after independence in , English became emphasized in both the education system and society at large as part of the new government’s attempts Author: Weihsin Gui. After existing quietly in the shadows for the better part of the last 50 years, Singaporean literature is finally coming into the limelight. For many years readers in Singapore were much more critical of their homegrown talents than writers from abroad. The result was that few local authors could Author: Prianka Ghosh. Literature is the original Global Affairs. It’s taught me, too, that nearly everything is deeper than it seems (the things that are worth thinking much about anyway). In an age where nearly everything can be done as a performance, literature (and the study of Literature) cultivates an inner life. That itself is invaluable!